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Considerations in boosting COVID-19 vaccine immune responses - The Lancet

www.thelancet.com | 13 min read | listed 1 day ago in MIT Technology Review — The US is about to kickstart its controversial covid booster campaign

A new wave of COVID-19 cases caused by the highly transmissible delta variant is exacerbating the worldwide public health crisis, and has led to consideration of the potential need for, and optimal timing of, booster doses for vaccinated populations.1 Although the idea of further reducing the number of COVID-19 cases by enhancing immunity in vaccinated people is appealing, any decision to do so should be evidence-based and consider the benefits and risks for individuals and society. COVID-19 vaccines continue to be effective against severe disease, including that caused by the delta variant.

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Interbreeding between archaic and modern humans - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org | 27 min read | listed 1 day ago in reddit/transhumanism/The first time that a non-human with human intelligence is born (eg a rogue scientist clones a neanderthal somewhere inside the EU and raises it there as a normal human,) what rights (if any) will it have at 21 years of age if it has average IQ? What interactions will be legal to engage in with it?
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[1709.02840] A Brief Introduction to Machine Learning for Engineers

arxiv.org | 1 min read | listed 2 days ago in Hacker News

This monograph aims at providing an introduction to key concepts, algorithms, and theoretical results in machine learning. The treatment concentrates on probabilistic models for supervised and unsupervised learning problems. It introduces fundamental concepts and algorithms by building on first principles, while also exposing the reader to more advanced topics with extensive pointers to the literature, within a unified notation and mathematical framework. The material is organized according to clearly defined categories, such as discriminative and generative models, frequentist and Bayesian approaches, exact and approximate inference, as well...

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Efficient and targeted COVID-19 border testing via reinforcement learning | Nature

www.nature.com | 2 min read | listed 3 days ago in Twitter — recent in #ai
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Google AI Blog: Announcing WIT: A Wikipedia-Based Image-Text Dataset

ai.googleblog.com | 7 min read | listed 4 days ago in Google AI Blog

Posted by Krishna Srinivasan, Software Engineer and Karthik Raman, Research Scientist, Google Research Multimodal visio-linguistic models...

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The Mystery of Feature Scaling is Finally Solved | by Dave Guggenheim | Sep, 2021 | Towards Data Science

towardsdatascience.com | 16 min read | listed 3 days ago in Towards Data Science

Principle Researcher: Dave Guggenheim / Co-Researcher: Utsav Vachhani

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[2109.10852] Pix2seq: A Language Modeling Framework for Object Detection

arxiv.org | 1 min read | listed 2 days ago in reddit/MachineLearning/[D] (Paper Overview) Pix2Seq: A Language Modeling Framework for Object Detection

This paper presents Pix2Seq, a simple and generic framework for object detection. Unlike existing approaches that explicitly integrate prior knowledge about the task, we simply cast object detection as a language modeling task conditioned on the observed pixel inputs. Object descriptions (e.g., bounding boxes and class labels) are expressed as sequences of discrete tokens, and we train a neural net to perceive the image and generate the desired sequence. Our approach is based mainly on the intuition that if a neural net knows about where and what the objects are, we just need to teach it how to read them out. Beyond the use of task-specific d...

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Netflix Cloud Packaging in the Terabyte Era | by Netflix Technology Blog | Sep, 2021 | Netflix TechBlog

netflixtechblog.com | 10 min read | listed 1 day ago in Netflix Technology Blog – Medium

By Xiaomei Liu, Rosanna Lee, Cyril Concolato

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Role of host gene variants in COVID-19 severity

www.news-medical.net | 6 min read | listed 5 days ago in Bing News

A new study discusses the importance of common, rare, and intermediate variants of several host genes to the clinical severity of infection with SARS-CoV-2.

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Multi-Document Summarization | Papers With Code

paperswithcode.com | 1 min read | listed 2 days ago in reddit/LanguageTechnology/Summarizing multiple documents into one summary

**Multi-Document Summarization** is a process of representing a set of documents with a short piece of text by capturing the relevant information and filtering out the redundant information. Two prominent approaches to Multi-Document Summarization are extractive and abstractive summarization. Extractive summarization systems aim to extract salient snippets, sentences or passages from documents, while abstractive summarization systems aim to concisely paraphrase the content of the documents. Source: [Multi-Document Summarization using Distributed Bag-of-Words Model ](https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.02745)

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The future of zoonotic risk prediction | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

royalsocietypublishing.org | 35 min read | listed 6 days ago in European Media Monitor - Machine Learning

In the light of the urgency raised by the COVID-19 pandemic, global investment in wildlife virology is likely to increase, and new surveillance programmes will identify hundreds of novel viruses that might someday pose a threat to humans. To support the ...

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[2009.07810] CoDEx: A Comprehensive Knowledge Graph Completion Benchmark

arxiv.org | 1 min read | listed 4 days ago in reddit/MachineLearning/[P] Knowledge Graph Completion With CoDEx

We present CoDEx, a set of knowledge graph completion datasets extracted from Wikidata and Wikipedia that improve upon existing knowledge graph completion benchmarks in scope and level of difficulty. In terms of scope, CoDEx comprises three knowledge graphs varying in size and structure, multilingual descriptions of entities and relations, and tens of thousands of hard negative triples that are plausible but verified to be false. To characterize CoDEx, we contribute thorough empirical analyses and benchmarking experiments. First, we analyze each CoDEx dataset in terms of logical relation patterns. Next, we report baseline link prediction and ...

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Evolutionary computational platform for the automatic discovery of nanocarriers for cancer treatment | npj Computational Materials

www.nature.com | 14 min read | listed 4 days ago in European Media Monitor - Machine Learning
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[2109.07958] TruthfulQA: Measuring How Models Mimic Human Falsehoods

arxiv.org | 1 min read | listed 4 days ago in reddit/MachineLearning/[D] GPT-3 is a LIAR - Misinformation and fear-mongering around the TruthfulQA dataset (Video Critique)

We propose a benchmark to measure whether a language model is truthful in generating answers to questions. The benchmark comprises 817 questions that span 38 categories, including health, law, finance and politics. We crafted questions that some humans would answer falsely due to a false belief or misconception. To perform well, models must avoid generating false answers learned from imitating human texts. We tested GPT-3, GPT-Neo/J, GPT-2 and a T5-based model. The best model was truthful on 58% of questions, while human performance was 94%. Models generated many false answers that mimic popular misconceptions and have the potential to deceiv...

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VGPNN: Diverse Generation from a Single Video Made Possible

nivha.github.io | 2 min read | listed 20 hours ago in reddit/ArtificialInteligence/VGPNN: Generate Video Variations - No dataset or deep learning required, Only Nearest Neighbors!
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Next generation reservoir computing | Nature Communications

www.nature.com | 12 min read | listed 4 days ago in reddit/MachineLearning/Next generation reservoir computing (Nature Communications)

Reservoir computers are artificial neural networks that can be trained on small data sets, but require large random matrices and numerous metaparameters. The authors propose an improved reservoir computer that overcomes these limitations and shows advantageous performance for complex forecasting tasks

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Separating User Data with Multi-tenancy To Improve User Management

doordash.engineering | 7 min read | listed 5 days ago in Hacker News

Learn how multi-tenancy can help enable more convenient guest checkout by making it easier to separate user data.

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Fuse Graph Neural Networks with Semantic Reasoning to Produce Complimentary Predictions | by Jans Aasman | Sep, 2021 | Towards Data Science

towardsdatascience.com | 4 min read | listed 3 days ago in Towards Data Science

Organizations can combine GNN reasoning capabilities with classic semantic inferencing in Knowledge Graphs to reach the next level AI and…

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Mathematical Induction for Data Science | by Vishvdeep Dasadiya | MLearning.ai | Sep, 2021 | Medium

medium.com | 6 min read | listed 4 days ago in Data Science - Topic feed @ Medium

General Introduction

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Element selection for crystalline inorganic solid discovery guided by unsupervised machine learning of experimentally explored chemistry | Nature Communications

www.nature.com | 30 min read | listed 4 days ago in European Media Monitor - Machine Learning

Machine learning has the potential to significantly speed-up the discovery of new materials in synthetic materials chemistry. Here the authors combine unsupervised machine learning and crystal structure prediction to predict a novel quaternary lithium solid electrolyte that is then synthesized.

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[1709.05584] Representation Learning on Graphs: Methods and Applications

arxiv.org | 1 min read | listed 6 days ago in reddit/MachineLearning/[D] Graph Neural Networks

Machine learning on graphs is an important and ubiquitous task with applications ranging from drug design to friendship recommendation in social networks. The primary challenge in this domain is finding a way to represent, or encode, graph structure so that it can be easily exploited by machine learning models. Traditionally, machine learning approaches relied on user-defined heuristics to extract features encoding structural information about a graph (e.g., degree statistics or kernel functions). However, recent years have seen a surge in approaches that automatically learn to encode graph structure into low-dimensional embeddings, using tec...

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[2104.00680] LoFTR: Detector-Free Local Feature Matching with Transformers

arxiv.org | 1 min read | listed 1 day ago in reddit/MachineLearning/[R] LoFTR: Detector-Free Local Feature Matching with Transformers

We present a novel method for local image feature matching. Instead of performing image feature detection, description, and matching sequentially, we propose to first establish pixel-wise dense matches at a coarse level and later refine the good matches at a fine level. In contrast to dense methods that use a cost volume to search correspondences, we use self and cross attention layers in Transformer to obtain feature descriptors that are conditioned on both images. The global receptive field provided by Transformer enables our method to produce dense matches in low-texture areas, where feature detectors usually struggle to produce repeatable...

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[2109.09541] Scaling TensorFlow to 300 million predictions per second

arxiv.org | 1 min read | listed 2 days ago in DataScienceWeekly.org — Data Science Weekly - Issue 409

We present the process of transitioning machine learning models to the TensorFlow framework at a large scale in an online advertising ecosystem. In this talk we address the key challenges we faced and describe how we successfully tackled them; notably, implementing the models in TF and serving them efficiently with low latency using various optimization techniques.

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[2109.10862] Recursively Summarizing Books with Human Feedback

arxiv.org | 1 min read | listed 1 day ago in reddit/MachineLearning/[R] Recursively Summarizing Books with Human Feedback

A major challenge for scaling machine learning is training models to perform tasks that are very difficult or time-consuming for humans to evaluate. We present progress on this problem on the task of abstractive summarization of entire fiction novels. Our method combines learning from human feedback with recursive task decomposition: we use models trained on smaller parts of the task to assist humans in giving feedback on the broader task. We collect a large volume of demonstrations and comparisons from human labelers, and fine-tune GPT-3 using behavioral cloning and reward modeling to do summarization recursively. At inference time, the mode...

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Deep learning for early warning signals of tipping points | PNAS

www.pnas.org | 35 min read | listed 4 days ago in Google News

Early warning signals (EWS) of tipping points are vital to anticipate system collapse or other sudden shifts. However, existing generic early warning indicators designed to work across all systems do not provide information on the state that lies beyond the tipping point. Our results show how deep learning algorithms (artificial intelligence) can provide EWS of tipping points in real-world systems. The algorithm predicts certain qualitative aspects of the new state, and is also more sensitive and generates fewer false positives than generic indicators. We use theory about system behavior near tipping points so that the algorithm does not requ...

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